duksctf

Bunch of sec. enthusiasts who sometimes play CTF

TU CTF 2016 - Secure Auth

To authenticate on a server we had to provide a message signed with a RSA private key. Hopefully the server allows us to sign any message except the one requested with the same key.

Description

We have set up this fancy automatic signing server!

We also uses RSA authentication, so it’s super secure!

nc 104.196.116.248 54321

Details

Points: 150

Category: crypto

Validations: ??

Solution

When we connected to the server, it allowed us to sign any message. Then the server requested to enter the message “get_your_hands_off_my_RSA!” signed with the same private key. Obviously if we submit the same message during the first step we are log out.

To check which kind of encryption it was, we sent and the answer was . We could deduce that plain RSA without padding was used i.e: . However, here is unknown. We can make a guess that and since we could recover with two messages. We just sent and to the server and we got their signed versions and . Then since and we got . We used python and gmpy2 to compute :

import gmpy2

p1 = 2
c1 = 1438242638420798550659770696667339503061587298399039115167859387217668016041298644325362936352503542244558858550458689864149937247495146219980629064787725070457091100874718718595684379615029831264304563445895740407478498
9669415716416976943634700112742863193960197312120027334581680378810383183189375758553311410386860957811463706965027839371289711509435783344202675399390663868414563021058027279997968565453588095134958447108844607826268685488308957303644517501130058784899200381504158295372643901703020359389255276602083755593693491381287831187570255825154201817206107917330952054361590281956621332116325736145079491
p2 = 3
c2 = 24166230041237059787088740157531046863881564402880555787415094071037505212806243980447738762074437613735098334490393767909374740598222713459758990881349309266235103729288793764568646412887702434814260187077198153694349046664588314930362892808274302965447686672745794304494585028704149994718148482508062759447942675221627809613810371992898236407250409961982096410989920396315613877786934911257614544725209650490555438972185193262771690628822218095037939304660508704563811757706098952621573919952422557481890298583071226099962187929457126872828775078423870295520402490561817035806244204359736389020935058018356039855243
n = gmpy2.gcd(c1**e -p1, c2**e-p2)
n

After a few minutes of computation we got:

24690625680063774371747714092931245796723840632401231916590850908498671935961736332195862060536688021640067386108834202275189822898599594463635840996761025690456263370146016114156010619769568905940572317842895114700949532134039597475463182795837468991755433866386124620786221838783092089725622611582198259472856998222335236408416769316026577935933861556358082075245487480828539893580743606793508167690532131893625600405714820107050359744864841126038929638426613876368411017300987682339192115588614533886473808385041303878518137898225847735216970008990188644891634667174415391598670430735870182014445537116749235017327

We verified that indeed this value is the correct . The message to sign to be authenticated was m=”get_your_hands_off_my_RSA!”. The idea to bypass the server was to sign which is different than and then to sign the inverse of modulo . Finally the correct signature was given by multiplying the two: :

import gmpy2
import binascii

p = int(binascii.hexlify(b'get_your_hands_off_my_RSA!'), 16)
2p = 2*p

inv2 = gmpy2.invert(2,n)

# Here we submit the values to the server
signed2p = 15443163048328392178653572157753694298529243486207445619209245168180820996663277754977799822900598842933580431901873137275739816886482130666484006981333965923258622462097035562111673223298428917395863123681949538244795442561604547937329197276213967529547329897584943615038626633260308572547502478074079055214743747991209087457113287308115248262570228358304330797330525320488349965497762186847177868230469275275152610908436623797270655094268307055490696549161519287246077015992469639643694881623097785443531646120831370771868715835037392318408690124525722295111166234310519078127214036760101417129986509956386462867047

signedinv2 = 17786133810719647133431304733691577155800915488191939149652458278583596104606057742550177283771244643801821136340068117448134576532563256128104172469864145380781595351625433397923606883535535898809867134530807196335895273438187307534752389526288031621122446684472560216219053378020935316965798933447612466369417027209297140982998507840414435757953949655590443562133223563134527260600166509232933047559515699911456734313960969781573549940646465384825832943770558118347174732397752822801911245044133929649704455458585172300853292205217014678640072658882494790781119010474364677419278487061942879879550905457936483449928

print((signedinv2 * signed2p) % n)

It gave us the following valid signature:

16731309037744947405926028571747718963854298965390002727198808171611075973611158728603997341487825480249213585462140621721705101265202241553108259732805730732012422439917896027354259084296598758557279195952085526863232351709194566418049311562248561487590587504210746190069919352300232450715996257931281563810914263141798176828653031180718851152873031741675056595543813218917662466149613065701594193565469205686782466011045874808045523869902250336505402591380957800616790950931308393154964359092946813432795336188787305915519015059512730649067373975490061407596342991545022406186499635623108035721389174787835020868696

Giving this signature to the server make it outputed the flag.

Written on May 14, 2016